What is ALLM? Auto low-latency mode explained – a must for PS5 and Xbox S/X

Auto Low-Latency Mode is a must-have for gamers, here's what ALLM does and why it's a benefit

LG gaming TV in use
(Image credit: LG)

If you're looking for the best TV, chances are you've fallen upon many an acronym in the process. That's likely down to the HDMI 2.1 specification, which introduces VRR (variable refresh rate), HFR (which is High Frame Rate, i.e. 120Hz refresh rate at 4K resolution), plus another feature and the very reason you're here: ALLM.

ALLM stands for Auto Low-Latency Mode and it's part of that trio of HDMI 2.1 features (VRR, ALLM, HFR). But why's it useful? Well, if you're a gamer on the hunt for the best gaming TV then you'll absolutely want such specification and ALLM enabled, which often (but not always) comes in the form of Game Mode.

What does ALLM actually do?

TV technology has advanced a lot over the years. To make images look 'better', manufacturers have introduced all manner of processing technologies. From upscaling, to de-noising, to frame insertion, and beyond, your TV's processor is probably doing a lot more than you know about or give it credit for. 

But those technologies take time. Not lots of time, mind, we're talking milliseconds here, but enough time for there to be some lag: i.e. a delay between what the TV is receiving and what it's actually showing you, the viewer. That doesn't play perfectly with high frame-rate games where graphics rendering effects are already taking place at the source. 

The point of ALLM is to switch all this processing stuff off and allow the source – such as a PlayStation 5 or Xbox Series X – to take control, thus lowering the input lag, allowing for a better visual experience. Even the HDMI consortium describes ALLM as (opens in new tab) "the ideal latency setting to automatically be set allowing for smooth, lag-free and uninterrupted viewing and interactivity".

Which TVs have the lowest input lag?

It's therefore a more connected experience, too, as the very best TV's Game Modes, such as the LG C2 and Samsung QN95B, can hit sub-10ms input lag (we'd say sub-20ms is acceptable in such a mode, but in single figures is pretty exceptional and hard to distinguish when playing, even if you're an eSports pro).

The other great thing about ALLM is that, as the first letter of that acronym tells us, it's automatic. So when a game signal ceases to be detected a compatible TV will know and disengage Game Mode, meaning your sports or movie-watching antics can take advantage of different processing benefits without you needing to necessarily worry about it.

Mike Lowe
Tech Editor

Mike has been writing about consumer technology for 15 years and is T3's Tech Editor. As a phones expert he's seen hundreds of handsets over the years – swathes of Android devices, a smattering of iPhones, and a batch of Windows Phone products (remember those?). But that's not all, as a tech aficionado his beat for T3 also covers tablets, laptops, gaming, home cinema, TVs, speakers and more – there's barely a stone unturned that he's not had a hand on. Previously the Reviews Editor at Pocket-lint for a full decade, he's also provided work for publications such as Wired, The Guardian, Metro, and more. In addition to his tech knowledge, Mike is also a flights and travel expert, having travelled the globe extensively. You'll likely find him setting up a new mobile phone, critiquing the next MacBook, all while planning his next getaway... or cycling somewhere.